Monday, March 30, 2020

Human Stomach, work, Part, Prevention, Disease..


Human Stomach, work, Part, Prevention, Disease..


The stomach is a solid, empty, projecting part of the wholesome channel that fills in as the significant organ of the stomach related tract. It is remembered for the second period of assimilation, after chevana (bite). The stomach is arranged between the throat and the little stomach related framework. It secretes protein-stomach related catalysts and solid acids (by means of esophageal proliferation) to help in the processing of nourishment through free muscle cramps, before sending somewhat processed nourishment (throat) to the small digestive organs. Is sent).

Stomach Job.

The stomach discharges protease (protein-stomach related chemicals, for example, pepsin) and hydrochloric corrosive, which murder or hinder microscopic organisms and give acidic pH to the proteases to work. The food is churned through the contraction of the wall muscles, while reducing the amount of the fundus, when the mass is absorbed into the acidus (a partially digested diet) before the stomach is wrapped around the fundus and the stomach structure. Changes. The ammonium slowly passes through the pyloric saccade and reaches the duodenum, where the extraction of nutrients begins. Depending on the amount and dietary content, the stomach digests food between 40 minutes to a few hours in the form of acid.

Abdominal anatomy

The stomach is located between the esophagus and the duodenum (the first part of the small intestine). It is present in the left upper part of the abdominal cavity. The upper part of the stomach is opposite to the diaphragm. The pancreas is located behind the stomach. The Maha Vapajal hangs down from the great curvature.

Two inhibitors contain the contents of the stomach. They are the Grass ductal barrier (present in the heart region, not the structural barrier) dividing the tube above and the pyloric barrier dividing the stomach from the small intestine.
Gastric parasympathetic (excitatory) and asymptomatic (inhibitory) ligaments (anterior gastric, posterior, vertical and inferior, abdominal and muscular-lining blood vessels and neural nets), which control both the secretory activity of your muscles and stimulating (motile) activity.

In humans, the stomach is dull, about 45 milliliters empty. Is the amount of It is a flexible organ. It is normally diluted to hold 1 liter of food, but it can hold up to 2-3 liters (while the newborn is only able to stop 300ml).

Part of Stomach:

The stomach is divided into 4 parts, each of which has different cells and different functions. 

These parts are:

Blood supply

The lower gastric curvature is supplied less by the right gastric artery and more by the left gastric artery, which also supplies the heart region. Higher curvature is supplied less by the right gastric-vapa artery and more by the left gastric-vapa artery. The fundus of the stomach and the upper part of the great curvature are supplied by the small gastric artery.

The walls of the stomach, inside and out, are made up of the following layers:

Gastric as a nutritional sensor.

The stomach can "taste" sodium glutamate using glutamate receptors and this information is passed through the vagus nerve to the parietal subcutaneous and marginal systems in the brain as palatal signals. The stomach also can sense glucose, carbohydrate, protein, and fat independently, like the tongue and oral taste receptors. This allows the brain to associate the nutritional value of the diet with their taste.

Stomach Disease

Some common stomach diseases are acidity, nausea and ulcers. Know about their causes, symptoms, treatment and prevention measures.


The acid or acid produced in our stomach works to digest the food that we eat, but many times there is not enough food in the stomach to digest or the acid becomes more than the required quantity. In such a situation there is a problem of acidity or acidity. It is also commonly called heart prick or heartburn. 

Consumption of fatty and spicy foods is usually the main cause of acidity. This type of food is difficult to digest and stimulates acid-producing cells to produce more acid than necessary.

Common causes of acidity

  • Continually eating outside.
  • Forget eating food.
  • Eating irregularly.
  • Excess consumption of spicy food.
  • Specialists accept that pressure is additionally a reason for causticity.
  • If excessive work pressure or family stress persists for a long time, then the physiological system starts working in an adverse manner and the amount of acid in the stomach starts to become more than necessary.

What to do to avoid acidity.

Water: Drink water immediately after waking up in the morning. Excess acid and other non-essential and harmful things made in the stomach overnight can be taken out of the body through this water.

Fruit: Include banana, watermelon, papaya and cucumber in daily meals. Watermelon juice is also very effective in treating acidity.

Coconut water: If someone is complaining of acidity, drinking coconut water gives a lot of relief. Ginger: Using ginger in food improves digestion and can prevent burning sensation.

Milk: Milk completely neutralizes the acidic effect of food and relaxes the body. Before taking milk as a treatment for acidity, a doctor should be consulted, as milk can also increase acidity in some people.

Vegetables: Consuming beans, beans, pumpkin, cabbage and carrots helps to prevent acidity. Clove: If a clove is kept in the mouth for some time, it gives relief in acidity. Clove juice when mixed with saliva in the mouth reaches the stomach, it gives a lot of relief.

Carbohydrate: Carbohydrate-rich foods such as rice are helpful in preventing acidity, because such food produces less amount of acid in the stomach.

Timely food: Dinner must be taken two to three hours before bedtime. This will ensure that the food is fully digested. This will improve your health.
Exercise: Regular exercise and meditation actions maintain the balance of the stomach, digestive system and nervous system.
What to avoid to keep acidity away:
  • Avoid fried roast, fatty food, excessive chocolate and junk items.
  • Keeping body weight under control reduces the acidity problem.
  • Excessive smoking and consumption of any kind of alcohol increases acidity, so avoid them.
  • Do not consume soda based soft drinks and caffeine etc. It is better to use herbal tea instead. Eat homemade food only. As much as possible, avoid eating outside.
  • Acidity can also be caused by having more intervals in two meals.
  • Eat small amounts of food at short intervals.
  • Do not use pickles, pickled chutney and vinegar as well.
  • The treatment provides immediate relief in the symptoms of antacid acidity by neutralizing the excessive amount of acid released inside the body. Some other drugs inhibit histamine receptors, making the stomach less acid.

Nausea and vomiting:

Nausea and vomiting are not a disease in themselves, rather they are symptoms of a disease present in the body. There is a feeling of nausea that the stomach wants to empty itself, while vomiting is the work of forcing the stomach to empty. It is necessary to detect and treat the disease present in the body, due to which symptoms like vomiting or nausea are emerging. It is very important to control the symptoms of vomiting and nausea in order to provide comfort to the patient as well as to prevent water deficiency (especially in the elderly and children).

Causes of nausea and vomiting

  • Walking in long journeys.
  • Early stage of pregnancy.
  • Nausea is common in 50 to 90 percent of pregnancy cases.
  • Vomiting symptoms may also occur in 25 to 55 percent of cases.
  • Vomiting due to medications.
  • Severe pain.
  • Emotional stress or fear.
  • Stomach upset.
  • Infectious diseases such as stomach flu.
  • Overeating.
  • Not being able to tolerate a particular smell.
  • Having a heart attack.
  • Brain injury.
  • Brain tumor.
  • Ulcers.
  • Some types of cancer.
  • Acute gastritis due to stomach infection.
  • Stomach upset like alcohol and smoking.
  • Some cases in which vomiting comes due to signals coming from the brain.
  • Some medicines and treatment.
  • Blocked bowel movement.
  • There is usually no harm in vomiting, but it can be a symptom of some serious illness. In addition, the lack of water due to this is a matter of concern. Children are most at risk of lack of water.

Doctor's advice in vomiting

  • If any of the following symptoms occur with vomiting, you should seek medical advice immediately.
  • Bleeding with vomiting. This blood can be strong red or coffee colored.
  • Severe headache or stiff neck.
  • Laziness, distraction or decreased alertness.
  • Severe abdominal pain.
  • Fever greater than 101 degrees Fahrenheit.
  • Diarrhea or diarrhea.
  • Rapid breathing or pulse.

Peptic ulcers:

A lesion in the lining of the stomach or small intestine is called peptic ulcer.

Due to ulcer

  • Stomach infection caused by bacteria called Helicobacter pylori.
  • Analgesics like Disprin, Aspirin, Brufen.
  • A variety of other and unknown reasons.
  • Stress and spicy food do not cause ulcers, but if the ulcer is already there, it can worsen it further.
  • Smoking.
  • Bleeding or late stools with feces.
  • Chest pain.
  • Fatigue.
  • Vomiting, may also be accompanied by vomiting.
  • Weight loss.
  • Symptoms of ulcers
  • The most prominent symptom of peptic ulcer is abdominal pain that may be mild, sharp or extremely sharp. Indigestion and stomach ache after eating.
  • Feeling like having a full stomach.
  • Not having enough liquids.
  • Feeling of hunger and stomach emptying early.
  • It starts to happen only after one to three hours after eating food.
  • Mild nausea.

Ulcer treatment

  • In the treatment of ulcers, along with antibiotics, stomach acid suppressing drugs are given, which can destroy H. Pylori. Complications Complications of ulcers include bleeding, perforation and abdominal obstruction.

If you have any of the following symptoms, seek medical help immediately:

  • Sudden sharp pain in stomach.
  • Stiffness of the stomach, which feels soft on touching.
  • Fainting, excessive sweating or distraction.
  • Vomiting of blood or bleeding with feces.
  • If the blood is black or brown then there is more to worry about.
  • Relief is provided by catering and lifestyle changes.

Some methods to prevent ulcers:

  • Eat fibrous foods, especially fruits and vegetables. This reduces the risk of ulcers. If you already have ulcer, then these things will help in getting well.
  • Flavonoid-rich items such as apple, parsley, gooseberry and its juice, onion, garlic and tea prevent the growth of H. pylori.
  • In some people, eating spicy food can worsen ulcer symptoms.
  • Stop smoking and alcohol consumption.
  • Drink less coffee, including all types of caffeine. Take less sodic drinks. All these things can increase the amount of acid in the stomach.
  • Try to relax yourself through yoga or meditation practices and reduce stress. These actions are helpful in reducing pain and reducing the need for analgesics. Keep in mind, a heart attack can also cause ulcer pain or indigestion. Consult your doctor if you have any kind of pain or pain in the area between the jaws and in the area of ​​the navel. Do not buy antacids from medical stores on your own without doctor's advice.

To reduce stomach problem, you can take help of yoga. Yoga enhances your underarm strength and you are able to avoid many diseases. You can read the articles given below to know about yoga.

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Akash Singh

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